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Planes leave for South Pole

2Lt Christine Reape (Navigator) and SMSgt Mark Olena (Flight Engineer) walk out to a ski equipped LC-130 Hercules. The seven member crew leave New York today and make the 11.000 mile journey to Antarctica in support of the United States Antarctica Program. The 109th Airlift Wing is part of the New York Air National Guard located in Schenectady New York.

Second Lt. Christine Reape, navigator, and Senior Master Sgt. Mark Olena, flight engineer, walk out to a ski-equipped LC-130 Hercules. The seven member crew left New York on Oct. 21 to make the 11.000-mile journey to Antarctica in support of the United States Antarctica Program. The 109th Airlift Wing is part of the New York Air National Guard located in Scotia, N.Y. (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Willie Gizara)

A ski equipped LC-130 Hercules finishes final preparation before leaving New York today and make the 11.000 mile journey to Antarctica in support of the United States Antarctica Program. The 109th Airlift Wing is part of the New York Air National Guard located in Schenectady New York.

A ski-equipped LC-130 Hercules finishes final preparation before leaving New York on Oct. 21 to make the 11.000-mile journey to Antarctica in support of the United States Antarctica Program. The 109th Airlift Wing is part of the New York Air National Guard located in Scotia, N.Y. (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Willie Gizara)

A ski equipped LC-130 Hercules finishes final preparation before leaving New York today and make the 11.000 mile journey to Antarctica in support of the United States Antarctica Program. The 109th Airlift Wing is part of the New York Air National Guard located in Schenectady New York.

A ski-equipped LC-130 Hercules finishes final preparation before leaving New York on Oct. 21 to make the 11.000-mile journey to Antarctica in support of the United States Antarctica Program. The 109th Airlift Wing is part of the New York Air National Guard located in Scotia, N.Y. (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Willie Gizara)

A ski equipped LC-130 Hercules takes off from Stratton Air National Guard Base in Schenecatdy New York. The 109th Airlift Wing sends seven aircraft on the 11.000 mile journey to Antarctica in support of the United States Antarctica Program. The 109th Airlift Wing is part of the New York Air National Guard located in Schenectady New York.

A ski-equipped LC-130 Hercules takes off from Stratton Air National Guard Base in Scotia, N.Y. The 109th Airlift Wing sends seven aircraft on the 11.000-mile journey to Antarctica in support of the United States Antarctica Program. The 109th Airlift Wing is part of the New York Air National Guard. (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Willie Gizara)

A ski equipped LC-130 Hercules takes off from Stratton Air National Guard Base in Schenecatdy New York. The 109th Airlift Wing sends seven aircraft on the 11.000 mile journey to Antarctica in support of the United States Antarctica Program. The 109th Airlift Wing is part of the New York Air National Guard located in Schenectady New York.

A ski-equipped LC-130 Hercules takes off from Stratton Air National Guard Base in Scotia, N.Y. The 109th Airlift Wing sends seven aircraft on the 11.000-mile journey to Antarctica in support of the United States Antarctica Program. The 109th Airlift Wing is part of the New York Air National Guard. (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Willie Gizara)

STRATTON AIR NATIONAL GUARD BASE, N.Y. -- The New York Air National Guard's 109th Airlift Wing kicked off its 21st year of support for American Antarctic research today, as two ski-equipped C-130s roared off the runway here bound for the South Pole.

"Today we're taking one of the first planes down to Antarctica," said Lt. Col. George Alston, aircraft commander. "We will fly to California then to Hawaii then to Pago Pago where the recent tsunami was. From there, we'll go to New Zealand, and from there to Antarctica where we'll start the Operation Deep Freeze season."

"This Operation Deep Freeze season will see us returning to a mission count and ops tempo that we are more accustomed to versus the reduced mission count that we put in place last year as a cost savings measure," said Col. Timothy LaBarge, 109th Airlift Wing vice commander.

The 109th 's ski-equipped LC-130s will be flying in support of National Science Foundation research across the Antarctic, as part of Operation Deep Freeze, the U.S. Military's logistical support for Antarctic research.

This season brings a lot of firsts for the crews. The early deploying aircraft will support the National Science Foundation's Western Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide Ice Core project. This project involves drilling ice cores to establish a climate and greenhouse gas history for the southern hemisphere.
The 109th will also support the Australians Casey Antarctic Station on Wilke Island for the first time. One aircraft was carrying a crevasse detection radar that will be used in Antarctica for the first time.

"We're hoping that with the radar is a faster turnaround in the amount of time to check on a site," said Capt. Daniel Marchegiani, co-pilot. "The radar will determine where the crevasses are and we'll be able to put scientists into that location much sooner than having to wait a whole year. Safety is always the first and most important thing. Being able to see where these things are before we touch down on the snow or before we even attempt to try and get into a different area of the continent is extremely paramount to what we do."

And according to Maj. Joseph DeConno, chief of Antarctic Operations, in the middle of the season, crews will be going from using two runways to single-airfield operations.

"It's an aggressive schedule where we're testing a new concept of single-airfield operations, which we haven't done in previous seasons," he said. "The second half of the season, we're moving all operations out to Pegasus Field for the first time and not using Willie Field. We're optimistic we'll do it safely and crews, as usual, will do their best to get the job done."

"Single runway operations at Pegasus and increased operations at some of the remote research stations will create both challenges and opportunities, and that is what keeps this annual deployment fun and interesting," Colonel LaBarge said.

The 109th Airlift Wing, the only unit in the United States military equipped with ski landing gear, has provided airlift support for the National Science Foundation's South Pole research since 1988. Since 1999 the unit has been the sole provided of this type of airlift to the National Science Foundation and United States Antarctic research efforts.

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