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ANG provides essential secure satellite communications

Photo of airmen training at a computer station

Maj. Ruben Carrillo, 148th Space Operations Squadron chief of operations training, accomplishes a training scenario on April 16, 2021, at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., with Tech. Sgt. Jaime Gomez, who is undergoing mission qualification training to operate the Advanced Extreme High Frequency Satellite Mission Control Subsystem. (U.S. Space Force photo by Lt. Col. Mae-Li Allison)

Photo of 148th Space Operation Squadron buildings

The 148th Space Operations Squadron, located on a hilltop on Vandenberg Air Force Base, operates the U.S. Space Force's protected Military Satellite Communications systems, providing warfighters global, secure, survivable, strategic and tactical communication during peacetime and throughout the full spectrum of conflict. The unit’s sister squadron, the 4th Space Operations Squadron, is located at Schriever Air Force Base, Colo. (Courtesy photo)

Photo of airman training at a computer

Tech. Sgt. Jaime Gomez, who is undergoing Mission Qualification Training (MQT) to operate the Advanced Extreme High Frequency Satellite Mission Control Subsystem, accomplishes a training scenario on April 16, 2021, at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. Prior to joining the 148th Space Operations Squadron, Gomez specialized in electronic warfare. His prior space operations experience afforded him the opportunity to attend the unit’s in-house MQT program. (U.S. Space Force photo by Lt. Col. Mae-Li Allison)

Photo of unit patch on uniform

Tech. Sgt. Jaime Gomez, who is undergoing mission qualification training to operate the Advanced Extreme High Frequency Satellite Mission Control Subsystem, wears his unit patch on his right sleeve at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., on April 16, 2021. His unit, the 148th Space Operations Squadron, operates the U.S. Space Force's protected Military Satellite Communications system, providing warfighters global, secure, survivable, strategic and tactical communication during peacetime and throughout the full spectrum of conflict. (U.S. Space Force photo by Lt. Col. Mae-Li Allison)

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Perched on a scrub-oak-covered hilltop on the central coast of California is a small Air National Guard squadron that makes a big contribution to the Combined Force Space Component Command’s (CFSCC) mission to provide space capabilities to the joint warfighter and allied partners. For nearly 21 years, the 148th Space Operations Squadron (SOPS) has been a caretaker of the Air Force’s protected Military Satellite Communications (MILSATCOM) system, providing 24-hour monitoring and support of the satellites, seven days a week.       

“Our Air National Guard teammates at the 148th SOPS are well-trained space operators who give our warfighters an essential tool—dependable, secure communications,” said Maj. Gen. DeAnna Burt, CFSCC commander. “We’re very appreciative of their dedication to this important mission.”

The 148th SOPS is one of two squadrons that oversee the MILSATCOM system.

“We share the mission and satellite command and control responsibilities with the 4th Space Operations Squadron, which is based out of Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado,” said Lt. Col. Sahira DeMarco, the 148th SOPS director of operations. “During our normal operations we manage three of the 10 MILSATCOM satellites, and can take on responsibility for all of them when needed.”

The specific MILSATCOM systems that the 4th and 148th SOPS manage and operate are the Military Strategic & Tactical Relay (Milstar) satellites, as well as the newer Advanced Extreme High Frequency (AEHF) satellites. The primary customers for secure satellite communications are combatant commands and the National Command Authority, which includes the President of the United States and the Secretary of Defense.

“A good way to think of us here at Vandenberg is as an extension of the 4th SOPS operations floor,” said Maj. Ruben Carrillo, 148th SOPS chief of operations training. “We take direction from the mission commander there a Schriever, and requests for secure space communications capabilities and effects come through U.S. Space Command through the CFSCC.”

More than 50 Air National Guard personnel are part of the squadron, which has also been particularly busy these past couple of years supporting its state mission.

“It is rewarding to accomplish this federal mission day-in and day-out, while still maintaining a ready and trained force to support the state emergency response mission,” said Carrillo, who was an active-duty enlisted civil engineer prior to joining the Air National Guard. “We’ve been very busy in recent years with wildfire support, responding to civil unrest, working in food banks, and assisting in COVID vaccine clinics.”

The 148th SOPS is one of three California National Guard space squadrons, and the California National Guard is only one of eight different National Guard organizations (located in seven states and one U.S. territory) that directly contribute to the space mission. 

“The National Guard has more than 25 years of experience operating in the space domain,” said Lt. Col. Jeremiah Hitchner, National Guard advisor to the CFSCC commander. “There is no doubt that units like the 148th SOPS are essential to daily space operations and will continue support our joint and coalition warfighters well into the future.” 

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